Gout and Osteoarthritis – Similarities and Differences

Osteoarthritis and gout

Scientists know that gout affects millions of people and it had major connections with the diet, lifestyle, genes and also many diseases and other conditions. What they don’t know is that the link in some situations and with some diseases is much higher than they may believe.

Many of us believe that if we suffer from gout, we are safe from all other types of arthritis out there. After all, we already have arthritis so we cannot get the same condition twice.

This was a common belief while back but these days the situation is different. The link between gout and osteoarthritis is there and it is much stronger than doctors and scientists have believed in the past. This means that we can develop one disease twice, but not in the same form.

What is osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis is the most frequent type of arthritis in the world. It affects millions and it is simply known as OA. I must say that OA isn’t the same type as gout. OA is a degenerative disease that affects diarthrodial joints, while gout is an inflammatory type of arthritis.

OA affects the protective cartilage that acts as a cushioning system in your joints and it is used to make a smooth connection between the ends of the bones. When this cartilage is damaged which happens with OA pain occurs.

Although OA can affect almost any joint in the human body, it is mostly present in knees, hips, hands, and spine. Once again, there is no cure for this condition. It will damage the cartilage permanently and there is no way to restore the protective tissue!


Luckily, there are some medications, diet plans and also activities that can slow down the process of OA and can make it less painful. You can slow down the process but you cannot evade the obvious.

Symptoms of OA include loss of flexibility, swelling, bone spurs, tenderness, stiffness and also pain. All of these symptoms are present all the time, although there are some variations. For example, pain occurs only during movement and stiffness is common when a person wakes up.

Suggested article: Ultimate Guide to Know Everything about Gout Symptoms

How gout and osteoarthritis are connected?

The first thing I can explain is that gout and osteoarthritis are connected. At first, it was believed that the link is minor and almost irrelevant. However, one study changed all of that.

The study was completed at the University of Auckland, New Zealand by Nicola Dalbeth, M.D. They tried to explain that gout is responsible for OA or the situation is completely opposite.

They evaluated the cartilage from 11 patients who had knee joint surgery where the damaged tissue was replaced. The end result was that cartilage homogenates are responsible for MSU crystals that promote inflammation and gout. More precisely, MSY crystals increased the formation of IL-8.

In simple terms and I believe you do need them, OA promotes inflammation in the joints meaning the risk of gout is higher. As such, the two types of arthritis are more connected than anyone believed.

With OA, people are at a higher risk of developing gout at some point and also suffering from higher uric acid crystal deposits in the joints. The same study discovered that after the surgery was performed on a patient, the risk of gout development was decreased or returned to normal!

What to do if you have OA?

By now, you know two things. First, gout and osteoarthritis are connected and the second is that there is no cure for either of the two conditions. There are a few things you can do.

First of all, you need to try and get surgery that can replace the joint, if that is possible and if the OA occurs in one joint. By doing this, you will cure OA and you will be at a much lower risk of getting gout in the first place. If this is impossible due to any known reason, you need to manage both types of arthritis. Make sure to have a diet plan that can manage OA and gout at the same time. This isn’t difficult considering the same diet is effective in treating both types of arthritis. You can still have a proper lifestyle despite the fact, you have gout and osteoarthritis.

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