Top 7 Gout Medication – List of Medicines Used to Treat Gout

gout medication

A gout is a complex form of arthritis that occurs due to excessive buildup of uric acid crystals across the joint. The disorder is characterized by swelling, redness, and tenderness in one or multiple joints like the ankle, foot, knee, elbow, hand, and wrist. It mostly affects the big toe. So, is there a way to treat the troublesome inflammation caused by gout, and can gout medication offer much-needed relief?

To help you find the answers, this article highlights everything that you need to know more about gout and the medications that can be used for treating it. 

Top 7 gout medications

Though there is no set cure for treating gout completely, the right combination of short-term and long-term medicine can help in controlling the symptoms significantly.

1. Colchicines

Colchicines are pain relievers that stop gout attacks immediately. Being a powerful medicine, lower doses might be easily tolerated, but higher doses would trigger side effects like diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting.

Suggested article: Colchicine for Gout – How To Take Colchicine for Gout?

colchicine and gout

2. NSAIDs (Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) 

Just as the name suggests, NSAIDs are OTC (over the counter) and prescription drugs that do not contain any steroids. Like, colchicines, they can reduce swelling and inflammation in a short time.

3. Corticosteroids

Corticosteroids are meant for people who cannot take NSAIDs and colchicines. The drug can be taken in the form of injections or oral pills. In case of injection, the drug gets injected directly into the affected muscle or joint to offer instant relief from the gout attack.

4. Febuxostat (Uloric)

This is an oral medicine that tends to block enzymes that convert purine to crystals of uric acid. With this, the body is unable to make uric acid, ensuring the root cause of gout is eliminated. Since Febuxostat gets processed by a healthy liver, it’s 100% safe for people who have a medical history of kidney diseases.

Suggested article: Febuxostat for Gout – Is It a Valuable Remedy?

febuxostat and gout

5. Allopurinol  

This is another common oral gout medication meant for decreasing the levels of uric acids. The complete effect of the medicine is often witnessed after days or weeks of consistent usage. So, if you have an episode of gout, your doctor might pair this medicine with a short-term NSAIDs or colchicines for holistic results.

6. Lesinurad

Lesinurad is a potent long-term drug approved by FDA (Food and Drug Administration). It is primarily used by those who couldn’t obtain any result from both Febuxostat and Allopurinol. This drug can be paired with any one of the two aforementioned drugs to relieve the recurring troublesome symptoms of gout.  

7. Probenecid

Probenecid is meant for those who have kidney problems and are unable to excrete uric acid properly. It improves the excretion of the kidney, preventing excessive buildup of the acid.

Who is at the risk of developing gout?

Anyone can suffer from gout. However, the condition occurs early in men as compared to women. It tends to affect women after menopause, making men over three times more likely to suffer from this inflammatory condition.

In addition to this, people are at a very high risk of developing gout if they have either one or more underlying medication conditions, such as

Lifestyle and diet also act as deciding factors. Those who consume too much alcohol and have a diet high in animal-based proteins are prone to experiencing gout flares.

What are the symptoms of gout?

Gout often happens in an episode, also known as a gout attack. The attacks are quite severe and often occur suddenly. During an attack or flare, some of the common symptoms include:

  • Swelling
  • Intense pain
  • Redness
  • Tenderness (from the slightest touch)
  • Stiffness and
  • Warmth 

On average, the gout attack would last for about two weeks or more, depending on the severity of the condition. Surprisingly, in-between the flares one may not have any symptoms.

After you’ve had your first gout attack, you might experience the subsequent episode of gout frequently. However, if not treated using effective gout medicine, the pain and inflammation will last longer and become even more frequent.


Gout is painful, but treatable condition. Consult with a reliable healthcare provider and use the right gout medication to prevent and reduce gout attacks to a dramatic extent.

Suggested articles:
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Indomethacin For Gout – Why Is Indomethacin Preferred For Gout?
Prednisone For Gout – Is Prednisone Good For Gout?
Aspirin and Gout – Is Aspirin a Good Pain Reliever for Gout?
Ibuprofen and Gout – Is Ibuprofen Good for Gout?
13 Best Home Remedies for Gout – Natural Treatment For Gout
How to Reduce Uric Acid? – 12 Ways to Kill Uric Acid

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